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Past Projects
- Mars Greenhouse Materials
- FMARS 2009 Expedition

In July of 2008, 4Frontiers was awarded a $25,000 research grant by the Florida Space Grant Consortium to investigate prospective Mars greenhouse materials. The research consisted of exposing several different transparent materials to simulated Mars surface conditions, replicating factors these materials would be exposed to if they were installed in a future Mars greenhouse (including pressures, temperatures, gas mixtures and incident light spectrums). The objective of the research was to evaluate the performance of these materials, investigating material degredation in terms of structural strength, material opacity and thermal transfer.
 
4Frontiers has completed this research in collaboration with the Biological & Agricultural Engineering Department of the University of Florida. A final report is available below, and is also included in the library section of this website.
 
 
Heat Transfer and Stress Investigations of Transparent Material Subjected to Internal Greenhouse Conditions in a Simulated Mars Surface Environment
 
Principal Investigators:
Ray A. Bucklin, Ph.D. - Professor, University of Florida
Joseph E. Palaia, IV - Vice President, 4Frontiers Corporation
 
THIS PROJECT WAS SUPPORTED BY
THE NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
THROUGH THE UNIVERSITY OF CENTRAL FLORIDA'S FLORIDA SPACE GRANT CONSORTIUM
 

 
On 8/4/2008 4Frontiers issued a press release about the project:
 
 

 
On 12/10/2009, the project team submitted a final report to the Florida Space Grant Consortium:
 
 

 

"Sooner or later for good or ill, a united mankind, equipped with science and power, will probably turn its attention to the other planets, not only for economic exploitation, but also as possible homes for man... The goal for the solar system would seem to be that it should become an interplanetary community of very diverse worlds ... each contributing to the common experience its characteristic view of the universe. Through the pooling of this wealth of experience, through this "commonwealth of worlds," new levels of mental and spiritual development should become possible, levels at present quite inconceivable to man." - Olaf Stapledon, address to the British Interplanetary Society, 1948
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